The knee can suffer from a range of symptoms including:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Giving way
  • Deformity
  • “Locking”
  • Clicking

Problems can occur within the knee itself, e.g. cartilage (menisci), cruciate ligaments, loose bodies, and different forms of arthritis, or from the surrounding and supporting structures, e.g. collateral ligaments, tendons, fat pads and fluid filled sacs.

A patient’s history of the development of symptoms followed by a careful examination of the knee is usually the key to arriving at a diagnosis. Imaging in the form of x-rays, ultrasound and MRI help to confirm the clinical impression.

There are often a range of treatments available including alterations to physical activity, physiotherapy, bracing, extracorporeal shock-wave therapy (ESWT), a range of different injections, arthroscopy (“Key hole” surgery), ligament reconstruction, bone procedures and different forms of knee replacements.